Educational
ca. 1640-50
Dutch
oil on canvas
Unframed: 33 1/16 × 43 1/16 in. (83.98 × 109.38 cm)
Framed: 46 3/8 × 56 1/2 × 3 in. (117.79 × 143.51 × 7.62 cm)
Previous Frame: 43 1/2 × 53 1/2 in. (110.49 × 135.89 cm)
61.15

Elaborate still lifes featuring luxurious and exotic objects from around the world became popular after 1640. This generation of prosperous Dutch citizens looked at worldly goods less suspiciously than their parents had – they enjoyed wealth and sophistication represented by expensive imports such as the African gray parrot shown here. Antwerp, where de Heem moved in 1636, was the most active market for such paintings; its citizens had never been as strict as their Calvinist neighbors.

A watch in a beautifully detailed golden case (lower right), its key attached by a blue ribbon, accompanies the lobster, parrot, and expensive vessels. However, watches in paintings were often reminders that worldly pleasures were fleeting and best enjoyed in moderation. Thus, despite its opulence, this painting still hints at an ambivalence toward wealth characteristic of the Protestant north.

Signed "de Heem f." center of upper right.
Inscribed "l.r." with undeciferable crowned monogram.
Arthur and Margaret Glasgow Fund
Two Republics: 17th Century Dutch & 19th Century American Art for the Common Man, The Columbus Museum, Columbus, GA, October 5, 2014 – January 11, 2015

Look Here: FEAST Exhibition, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA, March 15-June 26, 2006

17th Century Dutch and Flemish Paintings, Roanoke Museum of Fine Arts, Roanoke, VA, March 26 - April 22, 1981

Civilisation Revisited, Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, KS, December 4, 1971 - January 30, 1972

Baroque Art: Art of Elegance, Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO, October 3 - November 15, 1971

Masterpieces: The Art of Flower Arranging with A Fine Arts Exhibition, Upperville Garden Club, Trinity Episcopal Church and Parish House, Upperville, VA, October 5, 1963

Pictures Jefferson Wanted, University of Virginia Museum, Charlottesville, VA, October 20 - 29, 1961; Lynchburg Fine Arts Center, Lynchburg, VA, September 23 - October 15, 1962
Zohn, Kristen Miller. Two Republics: 17th Century Dutch & 19th Century American Art for the Common Man. Exhibition guide. Columbus, GA: The Columbus Museum, 2014. (No. 15, p. 10).

Meijer, Fred G. The Collection of Dutch and Flemish Still-Life Paintings Bequeathed by Daisy Linda Ward. Zwoll: Waanders Publishers, 2003. (No. 37.2, pp. 220-221).

Vanitas Through the Ages In the Permanent Collections of the VMFA. Exhibition Brochure. Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 2000. (No. 3).

Sutton, Peter C. A Guide to Dutch Art in America. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1986. (No. 377, p. 253).

La Chronique des Arts, Supplement to Gazette des Beaux-Arts, Vol. 117, Feb. 1962, p. 28, illus. 114.

The Connoisseur 143, no. 575 (February 1959). (P. LIII).

Th. Von Frimmel, “Geschichte der Wienerischen Gemalde Galerie,” I, III Kapitel, 1899, p. 86 enz.
Collection of Graf Kaunitz. [1] (Kunsthandel P. DeBoer, Amsterdam). [2] Collection of Colonel Pauley until 1961; [3] (Newhouse Galleries, New York) by 1961; Purchased by Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (VMFA), Richmond, Virginia in February of 1961. [4]

[1] Graf is German for the title of 'Earl.' Possibly Franz Wenzel, Graf von Kaunitz-Rietberg [1742-1825], an Austrian general and son of statesman Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz-Rietberg. He resided at Palais Kaunitz, Mariahilfer, Austria, until his death in there in 1825.

[2] Kunsthandel P. de Boer is a gallery specialized in Dutch and Flemisch Old Master Paintings, which was established in 1922 and has been located in Amsterdam ever since.

[3] Name provided by Ian Kennedy, President of Dickinson Roundell, art dealer, in association with Newhouse Galleries, as the individual from which Newhouse Galleries acquired the painting in 1961. No further identifying information given. See VMFA Curatorial file.

[4] Accessioned February 16, 1961.
Image released via Creative Commons CC-BY-NC

Some object records are not complete and do not reflect VMFA's full and current knowledge. VMFA makes routine updates as records are reviewed and enhanced.