Leaf from Illuminated Manuscript of the Jnaneshvari (Primary Title)
Krishna Reveals His Divine Forms as the God of Wealth, the God of Fire, and the Mountain of Gold (Recto Title)

Unknown (Artist)

opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
Deccan, Maharashtra, Nagpur, India
Sheet: 14 5/8 × 9 11/16 in. (37.15 × 24.61 cm)
Mat: 20 × 16 in. (50.8 × 40.64 cm)
Page "Illuminated Manuscript of the Jnaneshvari" (91.9.1-628)
 This page illustrates several of the forms in which Krishna reveals himself in the Gita. At the upper left, he is Kubera, the god of wealth, attended by two women and riding in a celestial chariot. Below this, Krishna takes the form of Agni, the red-skinned god of fire who rides buffalo. To the right, he is Meru, a mountain of gold at the center of the earth. In the lower left rectangle, he appears a Brihaspati, chief priest to the gods. At the lower right, he is Skanda, Shiva’s six-headed son, mounted on a peacock. Finally, a wide border filled with water patterns and fish illustrates the verse, “Of bodies of water, I am the ocean.”
Adolph D. and Wilkins C. Williams Fund
"Picturing Philosophy," VMFA, November 21, 2001-February 24, 2002
B.N. Goswamy, "The Word is Sacred, Sacred is the Word: The Indian Manuscript Tradition," New Delhi: Niyogi Books, 2007, pp. 170-171.

Dye, Joseph M. The Arts of India: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. London: Philipp Wilson, 2001. (cat. no. 162, pp. 370-374)

Some object records are not complete and do not reflect VMFA's full and current knowledge. VMFA makes routine updates as records are reviewed and enhanced.