"Beads in Africa: Trade, Tradition, and Splendor." Newport News, Virginia: The Peninsula Fine Arts Center. January 13- June 3, 2001.
"Falling in Love Again." Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Philip Morris Gallery. July 1-September 25, 1994.
"Spirit of the Motherland." Roanoke: Museum of Western Virginia. September 1995- January 1996. Newport News: Peninsula Fine Arts Center. January- May 1996.
Barriault, Anne B., and Kay M. Davidson. Selections from the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 2007. (pp 16-19, ill. p. 18)
"Bearing Witness: African and African-American Art Past and Present." Daily Press.
"Cultural Crossroads: A New Look at African Art." American Legacy: The Magazine of African-American History and Culture. Summer 2002. (p. 3, 17-20).
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts: Friends of African and African-American Art. Richmond, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 2002. (pamphlet)
Peninsula Fine Arts Center. Bearing Witness: African and African-American Art Past, Present and You. Newport News: Newport News Art Commission, 2001. (p.7)
Finley, Carol. The Art of African Masks: Exploring Cultural Traditions. Minneapolis: Lerner
Publications Company, 1999. (illus. cover, 13 p. 51-52).
Roberts, Allen F. Animals in African Art. New York: The Museum of African Art, 1995. (p. 85)
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts: Art Resources. 1994-96. (Front Cover)
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Annual Report 1986/87.
Some object records are not complete and do not reflect VMFA's full and current knowledge. VMFA makes routine updates as records are reviewed and enhanced.