Allegory of Marital Fidelity (Primary Title)

Jan Miense Molenaer, Dutch, 1609/10 - 1688 (Artist)

ca. 1633
oil on canvas
Unframed: 39 × 55 1/2 in. (99.06 × 140.97 cm)
Framed: 44 3/4 × 63 in. (113.67 × 160.02 cm)

This painting, once thought to portray a simple musical gathering, is now considered a complex allegory about successful marriage. The man pouring the wine so precisely acts out the virtue of temperance or moderation. The musicians, keeping time to the music they make, represent harmony. Their restraint contrasts with the unrestrained peasants at left, who brawl with murderous results.

The fashionably dressed couple, far right, are probably newlyweds. Their dog, a familiar symbol of fidelity, guards them. The painting commemorates the couple’s mutual pledge to pursue domestic peace and harmony and to control their baser natures, possibly symbolized by the chained monkey.

Adolph D. and Wilkins C. Williams Collection
2018: Collecting for the Commonwealth Preserving for the Nation, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1919-2018, Winter Antiques Show, Park Avenue Armory, New York City, NY, January 18 - 26, 2018.

The Art of Music, The San Diego Museum of Art, September 26, 2015 - February 7, 2016; Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City, March - June, 2016
Benito, Sandra, Patrick Coleman, James Grebl, et. al. El Arte de la Música. Mexico City, Mexico: Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, 2016. Exh. Cat., color ill., p. 100-101.

Coleman, Patrick, et al. “The Art of Music”. San Diego: San Diego Museum of Art, 2015, no 66, p 82

Dutch literary history, Golden Century (Netherlands: NTR SchoolTV, 2012) and TV broadcast (time: 9:16 – 9:40) credit: time: 14:17

Jochai Rosen, “On the Question of Portraits in Some Dutch 17th-Century Genre Paintings,” Dutch Crossing: A Journal of the Low Counries Studies Vol. 29, No. 2, Winter 2005, pp. 265-288, b&w ill. fig. 1, p. 266.

Richard Leppert, Sound Judgment Selected Essays (Burlington VT: Ashgate Publishing Co., 2007) pp. 85-86, b&w fil. 11, p. 86.

Alec Mishory, Still Life: From Represented Objects to Real Objects (Raanana: Open University of Israel, 2008) color ill. p. 111.

Barriault, Anne B., and Kay M. Davidson. Selections from the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 2007. (pp 218-219)

Peter Vergo, That Divine Order. Music and the Visual Arts from Antiquity to the Eighteenth Century (London: Phaidon Press Ltd., 2005) pp. 17-18, color pl. no. 1, n.p.

Dennis P. Weller et al, Jan Miense Molenaer Painter of the Dutch Golden Age exhibition catalogue (Raleigh: North Carolina Museum of Art, 2002) p. 14, 34, 44, 58, 103-105, cat. no. 13, color ills. pp. 103, 190, x. color ill. (det.)

Anne Barriault, Selections Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1997) p. 59, ill. (color).

The American Federation of Arts Exhibition Program 1998 to illustrate proposed exhibition, "Jan Miense Molenaer, Painter of the Dutch Golden Age," color ill. p. 15.

Multi-media exhibition for museum patrons’ consulta-tion (Paris: Musée de la Musique, 1997) to be presented through 2002.

"Jan Miense Molenaer Painter of the Dutch Golden Age,” exhibition prospectus (New York: American Federation of Arts, 1997) ill. p. 13.

Margret Klinge, "Das Berliner Familienbildnis von David Teniers dem Jüngeren, Die Malerei Antwerpens (Köln: Verlag Locher, 1994) pp. 108-109, fig. 11.

Sakamoto and Takahashi, New History of World Art (Tokyo: Shogakukan, 1995) Vol. 17, pp. 130-131, ill. no. 130.

Judith Leyster: A Dutch Master and Her World exhibition catalogue (Zwolle: Uitgeverij Waanders and Worcester, MA: Worcester Art Museum, 1993) pp. 314-321, cat. no. 35.

Multi-media installation at Musée de la Musique, Paris; anticipated duration: 1995-2000.

Edwin Buijsen and Louis Peter Grijp, Music & Painting in the Golden Age exhibition catalogue (Hoogsteder & Hoogsteder, The Hague, in association with Zwolle: Waanders Publishers, 1994) pp. 48-49, 245-246, figs. 15, 3 (det.).

John Nash, Themes in Art Cats (London: Scala Books, 1992) pp. 34-36, ill.

Richard Leppert, The Sight of Sound Music, Representation, and the History of the Body (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993) pp. 1-3, fig. 3.

Claire-Lisa Bionda-Schwok, "Judith Leyster," L'Oeil, Dec. 1993, no. 457, p. 28-29, ill. no. 10.

Peter C. Sutton, A Guide to Dutch Art in America (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans with the Netherlands-American Amity Trust, Inc., 1986) p. 255, fig. 382.

Richard Leppert, Art and the Committed Eye The Cultural Functions of Imagery (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996) pp. 176-182, fig. 8.2.
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