Venerable Celestial Bodhiruma (Primary Title)
清 菩提樹神尊天像 絹本設色描金 (Primary Title)

Educational
ca. 1740
Chinese
Hanging scroll; ink, color, gold on silk
China
Overall: 104 1/2 × 46 1/4 in. (265.43 × 117.48 cm)
Image: 65 5/8 × 35 3/4 in. (166.69 × 90.81 cm)
2004.70.2
Not on view

Goddess Bodhiruma is a legendary Buddhist deity, named after the bodhi tree under which the Buddha achieved enlightenment. In this painting, the goddess and two attendants, one of whom is holding a bodhi tree branch, are dressed in elaborate attire.

Along with the King Sagara painting nearby, this painting is associated with the Buddhist water-and-land ritual ceremony in which a large series of devotional paintings depicting gods, humans, and demons was presented for salvation of all beings. The ritual developed in the 12th century and became the favorite ritual during the Ming and Qing dynasties.

Qing dynasty, Qianlong period (1736–1795)
None
莊親王寶 Zhuang qinwang bao (Prince Zhuang’s treasure)
Upper right: 菩提樹神尊天像 (Venerable Celestial Bodhiruma) Lower right: 和碩莊親王發心誠造 (Respectfully made by Prince Zhuang, Boggodo)
Arthur and Margaret Glasgow Fund
Barriault, Anne B., and Kay M. Davidson. Selections from the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 2007. (pp 138-139)
Image released via Creative Commons CC-BY-NC

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