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Written in seal script, the eight Chinese characters read, from right to left: filial piety, brotherhood, loyalty, trust, propriety, righteousness, integrity, and sensibility. Known as the “eight virtues,” these words convey the moral, social, political, and philosophical beliefs integral to Confucianism, which influenced East Asian culture and history for thousands of years. Such screens first appeared in 18th-century Korea and furnished the living quarters of male scholars and officials, a practice that continued through the early 20th century.
Joseon dynasty (1392-1910)
孝悌忠信禮義廉恥 (Kr. 효제충신 예의염치; Eng. filial piety, brotherhood, loyalty, trust, propriety, righteousness, integrity, and sensibility).
Arthur and Margaret Glasgow Endowment
Image released via Creative Commons CC-BY-NC
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East Asian Gallery
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