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Written in seal script, the eight Chinese characters read, from right to left: filial piety, brotherhood, loyalty, trust, propriety, righteousness, integrity, and sensibility. Known as the “eight virtues,” these words convey the moral, social, political, and philosophical beliefs integral to Confucianism, which influenced East Asian culture and history for thousands of years. Such screens first appeared in 18th-century Korea and furnished the living quarters of male scholars and officials, a practice that continued through the early 20th century.