Mrs. Isaac Royall (Elizabeth Mackintosh) (Primary Title)

John Singleton Copley, American, 1737 - 1815 (Artist)

ca. 1767-69 and ca. 1777-78
oil on canvas
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Unframed: 50 × 40 in. (127 × 101.6 cm)
Framed: 58 × 47 1/2 in. (147.32 × 120.65 cm)
This portrait of Elizabeth Mackintosh Royall by America’s foremost colonial portraitist, John Singleton Copley, highlights the importance of “likeness” to early Americans. First completed as a pair with her husband’s portrait (Mr. Isaac Royall, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston), it was reprinted after the sitter’s death and her widower’s move to England. In this second rendering, the white ruffles and jewelry were painted over. At the same time, Mrs. Royall’s hairstyle was elevated and her costume changed.
Handling Blocks are in the PR/Holding Room 12/15/2016
Gift of Mrs. Adolph D. Williams
Walker Gallery, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME, December 1939- 19 June 1940.

L.D.M. Sweat Memorial Art Museum, Portland, ME, January - May 1938.
O’Leary, Elizabeth L., Sylvia Yount, Susan Jensen Rawles, and David Park Curry. American Art at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Charlottesville: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts with the University of Virginia Press, 2010. (No. 5, p. 26-29).

Chan, Alexandra A., Slavery in the Age of Reason (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2007) b&w ill. fig. 23, p. 61.

Simons, D. Brenton, Witches, Rakes and Rogues (Beverly, MA: Commonwealth Editions, 2005) b&w ill. p.123.

Kornhauser, Elizabeth Mankin, American Paintings Before 1945 in the Wadsworth Atheneum, Volume I, A-F (Hartford: Wadsworth Atheneum, 1996) pp. 264-265, ill. p. 265.

Rasmussen, William M.S., "American Art to 1900," Antiques, VMFA Issue (August 1990) color plate VI, p. 281.

Prown, Jules David, John Singleton Copley, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966) Vol. I pp. 70, 227, Vol. II iill. no. 364.

Royall House Reporter, Vol. IV no. 3 (July 1964) ill.

Art Digest (November 1, 1952) p. 15.

Tarkington, Booth, Some Old Portraits (New York: Doubleday, 1939) pp. 153-160, ill. op. p. 156.

Parker, B.N., and Ann Polling Wheeler, John Singleton Copley, American Portraitist (Boston, 1938) p. 168.

Bayley, Frank, The Life and Work of John Singleton Copley (Boston, 1915) p. 211.

The Letters and Papers of J.S. Copley and Henry Pelham, 1739-76 (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1914) p. 284.
Image released via Creative Commons CC-BY-NC

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