The Dirty South: Contemporary Art, Material Culture, and the Sonic Impulse, organized by the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, investigates the aesthetic impulses of early 20th-century Black culture that have proved ubiquitous to the southern region of the United States. The exhibition chronicles the pervasive sonic and visual parallels that have served to shape the contemporary landscape, and looks deeply into the frameworks of landscape, religion, and the Black body—deep meditative repositories of thought and expression. Within the visual expression, assemblage, collage, appropriation, and sonic transference are explored as deeply connected to music tradition. The visual expression of the African American South along with the Black sonic culture are overlooked tributaries to the development of art in the United States and serve as interlocutors of American modernism. This exhibition looks to the contributions of artists, academically trained as well as those who were relegated to the margins as “outsiders,” to uncover the foundational aesthetics that gave rise to the shaping of our contemporary expression.

Coronation Theme: Organon, 2008, Nadine Robinson (American, born England, 1968), speakers, sound system, mixed media. High Museum of Art, Atlanta, given by John F. Wieland Jr. in memory of Marion Hill, 2008.175. Image: © Nadine Robinson

Coronation Theme: Organon, 2008, Nadine Robinson (American, born England, 1968), speakers, sound system, mixed media. High Museum of Art, Atlanta, given by John F. Wieland Jr. in memory of Marion Hill, 2008.175. Image: © Nadine Robinson

Curated by Valerie Cassel Oliver, VMFA’s Sydney and Frances Lewis Family Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art, the groundbreaking exhibition explores the legacies of traditional southern aesthetics in contemporary culture and features multiple generations of artists working in a variety of genres. Among those featured in the exhibition are Thornton Dial, Allison Janae Hamilton, Arthur Jafa, Jason Moran, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Kara Walker, William Edmundson, and many others. Inherent to this discourse is the rise of southern hip-hop. The exhibition’s presentation of visual and sonic culture looks to contemporary southern hip-hop as a portal into the roots and aesthetic legacies that have long been acknowledged as “Southern” in culture, philosophical thought, and expression.

In addition to the music, the exhibition features the contemporary material culture that emerges in its wake, such as “grillz” worn as body adornment and bodily extensions such as SLAB(s) (an acronym for slow, low and banging). In highlighting the significance of car culture, the museum has commissioned a SLAB by Richard “Fiend” Jones. At its essence, southern car culture, showcases the trajectory of contemporary assemblage often highlighted in southern musical expression. Other such aspects are explored across genres over the course of a century. Beginning in the 1920s with jazz and blues, the exhibition interweaves parallels of visual and sonic culture and highlights each movement with the work of contemporary artists, creating a bridge between what has long been divided between “high” and “low” cultures. The exhibition features commercial videos and personal effects of some of the music industry’s most iconic artists—from Lightin’ Hopkins and Robert Johnson to Cee Lo Green.

From Asterisks in Dockery, 2012, Rodney McMillian (American, born 1969), vinyl, thread, wood, paint, light bulb. Courtesy of the artist and Vielmetter Los Angeles. Image: © Robert Wedemeyer

From Asterisks in Dockery, 2012, Rodney McMillian (American, born 1969), vinyl, thread, wood, paint, light bulb. Courtesy of the artist and Vielmetter Los Angeles. Image: © Robert Wedemeyer

Ultimately, The Dirty South creates a meta-understanding of southern expression—as personified in the visual arts, material culture, and music—as an extension of America’s first conceptual artists, those of African descent. The exhibition traces across time and history, the indelible imprint of this legacy as seen through the visual and sonic culture of today.

Cassel Oliver is also the editor of the companion publication, which will function as an essential reader on Black material and sonic culture and demonstrate its impact on contemporary art from the 1950s to the present. Featuring an anthology of critical essays by scholars such as Fred Moten, Anthony Pinn, Regina Bradley, Rhea Combs, and Guthrie Ramsey, the illustrated catalogue will document works in the exhibition as well as artists’ biographies and a chronology of iconic moments that have shaped the Black presence in the South.

VMFA has also commissioned an LP by Paul D. Miller aka DJ Spooky aka That Subliminal Kid for the exhibition.


Presented by


The Lettie Pate Whitehead Evans Exhibition Endowment

The Julia Louise Reynolds Fund


Fabergé Ball Endowment



Joan P. Brock
Wayne and Nancy Chasen Family Fund at the Community Foundation for a greater Richmond
James W. Klaus
Mr. Hubert G. Phipps
Don and Mary Shockey



Melody Barnes and Marland Buckner
Carol Ann Bischoff and Mike Regan
Liz and Bob Blue
Kristen Cavallo
The Council of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
Mr. Paul W. and Dr. Fredrika Jacobs
JMI
Teri Craig Miles
Jacquelyn H. Pogue in memory of Robert E. Pogue
Radio One
Richmond (VA) Chapter, The Links, Incorporated
Pamela K. Royall
The Sotheby’s Prize




This project is supported in part by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts.


VMFA is also grateful to the following Community Sponsors:

Ms. Caprice Bragg and Mr. Larry Thomas | Marland Buckner and Melody Barnes | John W. Collier III and True Harrigan | Drs. Ronald A. and Betty Neal Crutcher | Philip and Kay Davidson | Moly Dodge | B. Keith Fulton and Jacquelyn Stone | Paige and Philip Goodpasture | Dr. Monroe E. Harris, Jr. and Dr. Jill Bussey Harris | Ivan Jecklin and Allison Weinstein | Wes and Jennifer Kaufman | Denise Keane, Leonard Mandl, and Graham Mandl | Paul and Sara Monroe | Jay and Marsha Olander | Suzy Szasz Palmer and Larry I. Palmer | Angel and Tom Papa | Dr. and Mrs. Carl Patow | Tracy and Tom Stallings | Mr. and Mrs. John Stark | Rupa and Sahil Tak | Marcia and Harry Thalhimer | West Cary Group | Ms. Kimberly J. Wilson

This list represents sponsors as of February 1, 2021.